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The major areas in which Electrical Engineers can work are:

Communication systems:  wireless communications (cell-phones, TV broadcasting via cable and satellite, AM/FM radio broadcasting), satellite and space communications (space systems used to transfer images captured from Mars), wired communications (optical fibers, land-line telephone lines, Internet).

Computer systems: personal computers are used in our everyday life; computer systems are used for controlling household appliances, cars, aircrafts, and satellites among others.

Control systems: used to operate devices based on the information collected by sensors distributed in an area of observation.

Electromagnetics:  focuses on antennas (data broadcasting through wireless systems), optic fibers to transfer high-speed Internet, and microwaves.

Electronics:  studies the application of materials and circuits to process electrical signals.

Photonics:  a new field that aims to replace conventional processing of electrons with photons, thus enabling a plethora of high-speed devices especially for broadband telecommunications.

Power systems:  investigates means to convert energy to and from electricity, and transmit energy over long distances.

Signal processing:  investigates techniques to process analog and digital data to better suit user’s needs.  Probably the most common signal processing device is the equalizer in a car radio used to emphasize bass and treble of one’s favorite music.


Electrical Engineering is a field with diverse challenges and many opportunities.  Advances in the technological sector have increased the opportunities for Electrical Engineers as new electronic devices, materials and products are developed and brought to market.  Increasing globalization has created new markets and new opportunities around the world, and thus an Electrical Engineer is now globally marketable. Therefore, career prospects for new graduates in Electrical Engineering are excellent.  A report published by the National Science Foundation in December 2005 indicates that the national average annual salary for Electrical/Computer Engineering graduates is one of the highest at the BS degree level.  A degree in Electrical Engineering is therefore an excellent stepping stone to an intellectually and financially rewarding career in design, development, or research.  Electrical Engineering also opens doors to other areas of industry such as management, sales and marketing, as well as to other professions, e.g., medicine, law, and business.

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